Philosophy is a very important way of looking at the world. Philosophy attempts to describe many aspects of society, such as consciousness, and our understanding of reality. Everyone personally has their own viewpoint of philosophy. In many ways, philosophy is a stepping stone towards science. Philosophy can also be seen as a qualitative way of describing reality, with mathematics being very rarely used in it. To go more in depth, from a philosophical standpoint we all have our own viewpoints on reality. With the deepest and most fundamental questions of our universe, this philosophy paper doesn’t just have one theory for them, but several different theories for what may be the biggest answers to these questions regarding our reality.
The first theory for reality stated by this paper touches upon the idea that everything is very scientific, and not created by any higher being or influenced by a more advanced civilization then our own. This theory argues that the universe likely originated from something like a black hole. A possibility is that when matter and energy goes past the event horizon of a black hole, it spawns different universes, and as time goes on the universe expands as it approaches the singularity of the black hole, which we describe as dark matter and dark energy. This idea would lead to the conclusion that there is no possibility of a higher power or our universe being a simulation. However, this idea may make it logical that our universe is full of extraterrestrials, as opposed to if our universe was a simulation or from a higher power, which may design our universe so that we are the only living beings in the universe. As shown on Table 1, in this possible reality, our universe likely came from a black hole. However, it is important to note that this isn’t proven scientifically, but what is generally agreed upon by physicists is the big bang. Table 1 also gives the characteristic that this reality is very likely to have the existence of aliens. This is due to there not being anything like a higher power to regulate the universe and focus all of the attention on one planet. Finally, Table 1 stated that this reality doesn’t have an afterlife. This is due to it being a scientific reality with there being no logic for how or why there would be an afterlife.
The second theory stated in this paper regarding our understanding of reality is that our universe originated from consciousness, therefore from a higher being. Unlike what is commonly theorized in organized religion, this paper states that this higher being likely has a finite period of suffering on Earth set up for our benefit, and not for his, hers, or their self-inflicted interest, (since we don’t know the gender of this possibly existing higher being.) This higher being could be doing what’s for the greater good, and not so that everyone is tested upon faith. The idea is that there is an input-output model that first spawns life into a simpler and less pleasant environment for a finite period of time with a very hands-off approach, which then leads to the output being an infinite period of happiness. Assuming that this higher being is trying to accomplish what is most beneficial for everyone, they need everyone to have this finite period of suffering so that everyone can be happier in the long run. This finite period of suffering likely doesn’t just act as a time period when suffering can be experienced so that subconsciously everyone can experience more happiness in the afterlife. This finite period of suffering also likely acts as a spawning point where culture and personality can form, so that when everyone reaches the afterlife, there is a lot of individuality and culture. Also, this finite period of suffering can act as a learning experience so that people are mature and ethical once they reach the afterlife. Finally, this finite period of suffering can act as a place where certain bad individuals can be reincarnated if they are seen as a threat to the safe and accepting afterlife, specifically for people who have committed horrific atrocities towards other human beings. As shown on Table 1, if the universe has a spiritual reality, the origin of the universe would likely be consciousness. This would suggest that the higher being that created this universe in this reality was a conscious being, and allowed there to be consciousness in lifeforms here on Earth. Table 1 also states the existence of other aliens being unlikely. This is due to the possibility that the higher being may want to focus the input-output model on one location. Finally, Table 1 states that the existence of an afterlife is very likely. The reasoning for this was already explained earlier in this section of the paper.
Finally, the third theory stated for reality is that we are in a simulation, but are not aware of it. Technological progress has in a way grown exponentially. It is amazing how much we have grown within the past century, and the fact that virtual reality already exists. It would make logical sense that our technology will get so advanced to the point of being able to create a simulation as realistic as the real world. This sort of reflects the idea that the famous philosopher Plato had, specifically found in The Republic (Bender, 1993). Plato had this idea of a group of people that were stuck in a cave, where they were not aware of the outside world (Bender, 1993). It was hard for them to know of the outside world, as they didn’t have a way of knowing about it and all of their knowledge was limited to the cave. It is interesting to compare the similarity between this cave idea made by Plato thousands of years ago, and the idea of everyone living in virtual reality. More recently, a movie that came out in the year 1999, titled The Matrix, revolved around the idea of virtual reality. Though it would be hard to know the reasoning for all of us being put into a virtual world, it would be logical that it may be a similar reason to the finite period of suffering with the spiritual reality. This finite period of suffering could be within the simulation, much like Earth is with the spiritual reality, and then people get to be part of the advanced and pleasant civilization outside of the virtual reality, much like the afterlife in the spiritual reality. As shown on Table 1, the origin of the universe for the simulated reality that we would all observe would be from virtual reality. However, it would be logical that the origin of the universe that is outside of the virtual world is much like with the scientific reality. However, the outside world could be very different and even incomprehensible compared to the virtual world that everyone is in. This would lead to the idea that the existence of aliens would be unknown, because of how different the universe outside of the virtual world may be. Finally, Table 1 stated that the presence of an afterlife would be unlikely. It could be unlikely due to a higher power not wanting people to replicate the system of Earth and Heaven. The higher power may want to stick to their version of the afterlife, which may be much happier then what can be replicated by people.
Table 1: Chart of key characteristics of the three different possible realities.
In conclusion, this paper stated the possibility of three possible realities for our universe. The three possible realities discussed in this paper were a scientific reality, a spiritual reality, and a simulated reality. Though there isn’t any way of knowing for certain what our reality may be, it would be logical to at least come up with a few different possibilities, especially considering the logic presented in this paper for why each may be our reality. Table 1 helped organize the different characteristics of each reality, specifically with what the origin of the universe would be, if there are aliens, and if there is a presence of an afterlife.
Bender, D. L. (1993). Constructing a life philosophy: Opposing viewpoints. San Diego: Greenhaven Press.
The Matrix. (1999, March 31). Retrieved from https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0133093/